Dr. Sheheryar Banuri is a behavioral development economist and assistant professor at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK. His research focuses on motivation, decision-making, and contracting in the public and mission-based sectors. His work has provided policy guidance to the governments of Indonesia, the Philippines, and Burkina Faso.
His empirical work has been published in academic journals such as Social Science and Medicine, the European Economic Review, the World Bank Economic Review, and Social Choice and Welfare (among others). He is a coauthor of the World Bank’s World Development Report 2015: Mind, Society, and Behavior, and has made contributions to the World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends, and the World Development Report 2017: Governance and the Law. His current projects focus on motivation and incentives of health and education workers, discrimination in health service provision, and behavioral biases of elites.
The use of video vignettes to measure health worker knowledge. Evidence from Burkina Faso
The quality of care is a crucial determinant of good health outcomes, but is difficult to measure. Survey vignettes are a standard approach to measuring medical knowledge among health care providers.
Given that written vignettes or knowledge tests may be too removed from clinical practice, particularly where “learning by doing” may be an important form of training, we developed a new type of provider vignette using videos presenting a patient with maternal/early childhood symptoms visiting the clinic. We tested these video vignettes with current and future (students) health professionals in Burkina Faso. Participants indicated that the cases used were interesting, understandable and common. Results displayed a substantial dispersion in performance, consistent with expectations: participants who are expected to perform better, based on ex ante criteria such as their training (medical doctors vs. nurses and midwives) or their experience (health professionals vs. students), actually did perform better.
The video vignettes can easily be embedded in computers, tablets and smart phones; they are a convenient tool to measure provider knowledge; and they are cost-effective instruction and testing tools.